Having a healthy liver is crucial for living a healthy long life. Liver the largest internal organ of our body perform multiple tasks like expelling the bacteria and toxins from our blood, preventing infection, producing the bile and protein, regulating the immune responses and processing the hormones and nutrients.
Every year around 20000-30000 people need a liver transplant in India alone. Liver transplant is a surgical procedure which is recommended to people who are suffering from liver failure due to chronic liver disease or sudden liver failure.
Usually, the following conditions may lead to a liver failure:
- Autoimmune hepatitis
- Wilson’s disease
- Biliary atresia (affects the liver of the newborn)
- Chronic hepatitis B and C
Why Liver transplant in India?
Being a complicated procedure liver transplant is an expensive surgery more so in the developed countries where the cost of this surgery may go up to Rs.15000000.00– 30000000.00 ($232470 – $464940). The exorbitant cost of the surgery is out of reach for many patients, thus they search for alternative places where they are assured of quality treatment.
India is a perfect choice, as liver transplant cost in India is affordable and falls in the range of Rs.500000.00 to Rs.2000000.00.
It may seem costly for the domestic patients but it is quite economical for overseas patients. Hence many patients travel here for liver transplant in India.
Also, India boasts of the best minds in the medical field who have years of experience in performing this complex surgery. All the major cities in India have several hospitals with state of art infrastructure, latest diagnostic centers and ultra-modern ICU that are equipped to carry out this crucial surgery. Because of this and affordable liver transplant cost in India, many patients come here for their treatment.
Procuring the liver for the surgery
Mostly liver for transplants is either obtained from living donors or deceased donors.
Don’t be surprised when we talk of living donors. It is possible! A portion of the liver is removed and attached to the recipient’s body. The remaining half liver is capable to maintain all the normal body functions and within a month or two the liver will grow back to its original size for both the donor and the recipient. Usually, the living donor is a relative of the patient.
In the majority of the cases involving deceased donors, the liver is obtained from people who are brain dead and the family has consented to organ donation or the deceased person had opted to donate his organ.
Sometimes the donated liver from the deceased person is split into two so that two lives may be saved with one donation. It is split in the ratio of 60-40. The right lobe is 60 percent and the left one is 40 percent so the larger lobe is utilized for an adult and the smaller one for a child.
Who are not a suitable candidate for liver transplant?
All patients with liver failure are not the right candidate for the transplant. It is a major surgery and the patient must be strong enough to survive the procedure and the post-operative risks.
Other complications that can make you an inappropriate candidate are:
- Alcohol and drugs abuse
- Cancer that has spread to other parts of your body
- Chronic infection
- Uncontrolled pulmonary hypertension
- Mental disorder
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Patients with severe liver failure where the brain is injured due to a high level of fluid buildup.
What is the success rate for liver transplant in India?
The success rate of liver transplant in India is around 90% and most of the patient can attain about 92% of the quality of life prior to the treatment.
For this, they have to take proper care and follow the instructions of their doctor. It is necessary they go for regular check-ups so that the doctor can monitor their progress and detect any potential complication at an early stage.
Also, the patients will have to take the anti-rejection medications all their life and go for the blood test at regular intervals.
To minimize the chances of organ rejection you need to make lifestyle changes and incorporate healthy habits so as to boost your overall strength.